It is said that you will know the age of your horse only by looking at its teeth. They grow continuously during its life. This brings many troubles that you should be aware of. Uneven wear patterns or sharp edges on the sides of the molars are some of the most common problems, which may lead to problems for your horse while it eats or is being ridden. These are the reasons why horses have to have its teeth checked up at least once a year by qualified veterinarian equine dentists. If after the medical check, the dentist or the veterinarian observes problems such as rough areas or unevenness, they are solved in a simple manner, with a rasp, until these areas become smooth again. The intervention is called floating.
This intervention is made by a dentist or veterinarian and its assistant. The horse’s tongue is pulled on the side of the mouth, and the teeth on the other side. The procedure is best done in confined areas, where horses can be held up for this intervention. If the dental problems of your horse are more severe than the ones described above, probably it will receive sedation. In this way the animal will not suffer, be scared or traumatized by the complex intervention.
There are specific problems that may occur with the age of your horse. For example, between two and a half years and four and a half years old, your animal makes the transition from milk teeth to permanent teeth. This is the time when you should take extra care of your animal dentition. The shedding process can be a painful experience for your horse and might lead to bad habits, such as head tossing generated by the pain. This is the reason why an examination each six months between this period is required for the oral health of your horse.