Horse are subject to many health disorders, including laminitis, colic, internal parasites or infectious diseases. It is very important to register your horse with your local equine veterinarian, so that you have a person to contact quickly in case of an emergency. The veterinarian will keep all the medical details and interventions of your horse. It is recommended to have at least one annual check up, in spring, or two, in spring and fall.
Horses receive annual vaccination as any other animals. They are meant to protect the health of your horse against rabies, encephalitis, equine influenza, equine herpes virus, rhodococcus equi, botulism or Potomac horse fever. The vaccines might vary on the location and climate where you keep your horse. Your veterinarian will know best what vaccines to administrate to your horse.
The vaccine treatment usually starts with an initial dose, followed by a booster in a few weeks. After the initial vaccine, the horse will follow a yearly vaccination scheme. The horses that travel a lot for shows or for breeding will be required to have many more vaccines than the ones that do not get in contact with other animals. When crossing states or traveling for longer distances, the local authorities might ask for a veterinary certificate or a proof of vaccination from your local veterinarian.
It is also very important to have a first aid kit around the stables or areas where you keep your horses. All the items inside should be checked regularly for expiration date and replaced periodically. You might have to intervene yourself for minor injuries, but be sure you ask your veterinarian for instructions. A basic horse health kit has to include rectal thermometer, petroleum jelly, stethoscope, sharp and clean scissors, wire cutters, flashlights and batteries, twitch, cleaning supplies, bandages, over the counter horse medication, basic veterinary medication for frequent interventions, the phone numbers of the veterinarian, and the farrier and a paper and pencil to write down the symptoms, pulse, and other instructions given by the veterinarian.